Terminal diseases or terminal illnesses are the ones that do not have any cure. Disorders that come under this category lead to a human being’s death. No treatment can whatsoever work or show a reasonable result when a person suffers from terminal diseases. An individual who undergoes a terminal disease is referred to as a terminal patient or terminally ill. The average life expectancy term of a person suffering from terminal diseases is termed to be that of six months or less.
We all are well- aware of some of the very well- known terminal disorders which are some cardiac conditions, COPD, cancer, HIV and AIDS and certain other respiratory ailments. No man has ever been able to find out the cure to these disorders.
Some Examples of Terminal Diseases:
- Pancreatic Cancer: this is considered to be one of the very painful terminal diseases. Studies reveal that it is caused by uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the pancreas which is located in the upper abdomen behind the stomach. The exact cause is not yet known; however it is mainly caused because of smoking, diabetes, etc.
- Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever: Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever is also said to be one of the painful terminal diseases. The individual suffers from sudden onset of fever, weakness, muscle pain, diarrhea, rash and headache. When detected with Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever, it is observed that the individual succumbs to death within three weeks. This terminal disease is easily transferrable by direct contact from one person to another.
- Lesch-Nyhan Syndrome: Lesch-Nyhan syndrome is a genetic disorder which is passed on from one generation to other generation. This disease is also known as Juvenile gout, Kelley-Seegmiller syndrome and Nyhan’s syndrome.
- Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
- Alzheimer’s Disease
- Parkinson’s Disease
There are no cures that are available for any kind of terminal diseases. However, one can always undergo certain kinds of medical treatments that help in reducing the pain the person is going through. Palliative care is often given to ill patients. This kind of care includes inputs from physicians, psychologists, social workers, nurses, pharmacists and various other medical health care experts so as to design and formulate a plan of care to relieve the suffering from the patient’s life. Medicines are said to have a Palliative effect on a patient.
Hospice Care for Terminally Ill Patients
There is also Hospice care that is given to terminally ill patients which is a long- term care facility. It also serves the patient emotionally and spiritually. Acupuncture, relaxation therapy and massage may also help the person. These are referred to as complimentary medicine approaches.
A person suffering from any sort of terminal disease is often given a caretaker. As the name suggests, a caretaker takes care of the patient. The caretaker is usually a family member or a nurse. He/ she has to take care of the needs of the patient and has to make sure that proper food and medicines are given to the patient from time to time. It is recommended that a caretaker must call a physician or a medical health expert when the patient:
- Experiences excessive pain,
- Breathing problems
- Has a problem in passing urine
- Is going through depression and is wanting to harm himself/ herself
- Refuses to take the required medicines.